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e-CFR Data is current as of November 20, 2008


Title 46: Shipping

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PART 25—REQUIREMENTS

Section Contents

Subpart 25.01—Application

§ 25.01-1   Applicable to all vessels.
§ 25.01-3   Incorporation by reference.
§ 25.01-5   OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

Subpart 25.10—Navigation Lights

§ 25.10-1   Applicability.
§ 25.10-2   Definitions.
§ 25.10-3   Navigation light certification requirements.

Subpart 25.25—Life Preservers and Other Lifesaving Equipment

§ 25.25-1   Application.
§ 25.25-3   Definitions.
§ 25.25-5   Life preservers and other lifesaving equipment required.
§ 25.25-7   Marking.
§ 25.25-9   Storage.
§ 25.25-11   Condition.
§ 25.25-13   Personal flotation device lights.
§ 25.25-15   Retroreflective material for personal flotation devices.
§ 25.25-17   Survival craft requirements for uninspected passenger vessels of at least 100 gross tons.
§ 25.25-19   Visual distress signals.

Subpart 25.26—Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRB)

§ 25.26-1   Definitions.
§ 25.26-5   Commercial fishing industry vessels.
§ 25.26-10   EPIRB requirements for uninspected passenger vessels.
§ 25.26-20   Other manned uninspected commercial vessels.
§ 25.26-50   Servicing of EPIRBs.
§ 25.26-60   Exemptions.

Subpart 25.30—Fire Extinguishing Equipment

§ 25.30-1   Application.
§ 25.30-5   General provisions.
§ 25.30-10   Hand-portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire-extinguishing systems.
§ 25.30-15   Fixed fire-extinguishing systems.
§ 25.30-20   Fire extinguishing equipment required.
§ 25.30-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.

Subpart 25.35—Backfire Flame Control

§ 25.35-1   Requirements.

Subpart 25.40—Ventilation

§ 25.40-1   Tanks and engine spaces.

Subpart 25.45—Cooking, Heating, and Lighting Systems

§ 25.45-1   Heating and lighting systems on vessels carrying passengers for hire.
§ 25.45-2   Cooking systems on vessels carrying passengers for hire.

Subpart 25.50—Garbage Retention

§ 25.50-1   Criteria.


Authority:   33 U.S.C. 1903(b); 46 U.S.C. 3306, 4102, 4302; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

Source:   CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 25.01—Application
top
§ 25.01-1   Applicable to all vessels.
top

(a) The provisions of this part shall apply to all vessels except as specifically noted.

§ 25.01-3   Incorporation by reference.
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(a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than that specified in paragraph (b) of this section, the Coast Guard must publish notice of change in theFederal Registerand make the material available to the public. All approved material is on file at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Compliance (G-MOC), 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593–0001 or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. All material is available from the sources indicated in paragraph (b) of this section.

(b) The material approved for incorporation by reference in this part and the sections affected are:

American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC)

3069 Solomons Island Road, Edgewater, MD 21037

Standard A-1–78, Marine LPG-Liquefied Petroleum Gas Systems, December 15, 197825.45–2Standard A-22–78, Marine CNG-Compressed Natural Gas Systems, December 15, 197825.45–2Standard A-16–97, Electric Navigation Lights, July 199725.10–3

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269

NFPA 302, Fire Protection Standard for Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 198925.45–2

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096

SAE J–1928, Devices Providing Backfire Flame Control for Gasoline Engines in Marine Applications, June 198925.35–1

Underwriter's Laboratories (UL)

12 Laboratory Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

UL 1111, Marine Carburetor Flame Arrestors, June 198825.35–1

[CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35820, July 29, 1991, as amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50461, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 95–072, 60 FR 54106, Oct. 19, 1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50726, Sept. 27, 1996; USCG-1999–6580, 66 FR 55091, Nov. 1, 2001]

§ 25.01-5   OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.
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(a) Purpose. This section collects and displays the control numbers assigned to information collection and recordkeeping requirements in this subchapter by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq. ). The Coast Guard intends that this section comply with the requirements of 44 U.S.C. 3507(f), which requires that agencies display a current control number assigned by the Director of the OMB for each approved agency information collection requirement.

(b) Display.

46 CFR part or section where identified or describedCurrent OMB control No.
§25.45–21625–0099

[CGD 83–013, 54 FR 6401, Feb. 10, 1989 and CGD 83–013, 55 FR 3959, Feb. 6, 1990; USCG-2004–18884, 69 FR 58344, Sept. 30, 2004]

Subpart 25.10—Navigation Lights
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Source:   USCG-1999–6580, 66 FR 55091, Nov. 1, 2001, unless otherwise noted.

§ 25.10-1   Applicability.
top

This subpart applies to vessel manufacturers, distributors, and dealers installing navigation lights on all uninspected commercial vessels, except those completed before November 7, 2002.

§ 25.10-2   Definitions.
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As used in this subpart:

Dealer means any person who is engaged in the sale and distribution of vessels to purchasers who the seller in good faith believes to be purchasing any such vessel for purposes other than resale.

Distributor means any person engaged in the sale and distribution of vessels for the purpose of resale.

Manufacturer means any person engaged in:

(1) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of vessels, or

(2) The importation of vessels into the United States for subsequent sale.

Navigation lights are those lights prescribed by the Navigation Rules (Commandant Instruction 16672.2 series) to indicate a vessel's presence, type, operation, and relative heading.

§ 25.10-3   Navigation light certification requirements.
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(a) Except as provided by paragraph (b) of this section, each navigation light must—

(1) Meet the technical standards of the applicable Navigation Rules;

(2) Be certified by a laboratory listed by the Coast Guard to the standards of ABYC A-16 (incorporated by reference, see §25.01–3), or equivalent, although portable battery-powered lights need only meet the requirements of the standard applicable to them; and

(3) Bear a permanent and indelible label stating the following:

(i) “USCG Approval 33 CFR 183.810”

(ii) “MEETS __.” (Insert the identification name or number of the standard under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, to which the light was type-tested.)

(iii) “TESTED BY __.” (Insert the name or registered certification-mark of the laboratory listed by the Coast Guard that tested the fixture to the standard under paragraph (a)(2) of this section.)

(iv) Name of Manufacturer.

(v) Number of Model.

(vi) Visibility of the light in nautical miles (nm).

(vii) Date on which the light was type-tested.

(viii) Identification of bulb used in the compliance test.

(b) If a light is too small to attach the required label—

(1) Place the information from the label in or on the package that contains the light; and

(2) Mark each light “USCG” followed by the certified range of visibility in nautical miles, for example, “USCG 2nm.” Once installed, this mark must be visible without removing the light.

Subpart 25.25—Life Preservers and Other Lifesaving Equipment
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Source:   CGD 72–172R, 38 FR 8117, Mar. 28, 1973, unless otherwise noted.

§ 25.25-1   Application.
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This subpart applies to each vessel to which this part applies, except:

(a) Vessels used for noncommercial use;

(b) Vessels leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's noncommercial use;

(c) Commercial vessels propelled by sail not carrying passengers for hire; or

(d) Commercial barges not carrying passengers for hire.

§ 25.25-3   Definitions.
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As used in this subpart:

(a) Approved means approved under subchapter Q of this chapter.

(b) Use means operate, navigate, or employ.

§ 25.25-5   Life preservers and other lifesaving equipment required.
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(a) No person may operate a vessel to which this subpart applies unless it meets the requirements of this subpart.

(b) Each vessel not carrying passengers for hire, less than 40 feet in length must have at least one life preserver (Type I PFD), buoyant vest (Type II PFD), or marine buoyant device intended to be worn (Type III PFD), approved under subchapter Q of a suitable size for each person on board. Kapok and fibrous glass life preservers that do not have plastic-covered pad inserts as required by subparts 160.062 and 160.005 of this chapter are not acceptable as equipment required by this paragraph.

(c) Each vessel carrying passengers for hire and each vessel 40 feet in length or longer not carrying passengers for hire must have at least one life preserver approved under subchapter Q of a suitable size for each person on board. Kapok and fibrous glass life preservers which do not have plastic-covered pad inserts as required by subparts 160.002 and 160.005 of this chapter are not acceptable as equipment required by this paragraph.

(d) In addition to the equipment required by paragraph (b) and (c) of this section, each vessel 26 feet in length or longer must have at least one approved ring life buoy, and each uninspected passenger vessel of at least 100 gross tons must have at least three ring life buoys. Ring life buoys must be constructed per subpart 160.050 of part 160 of this chapter. The exception is a ring life buoy that was approved prior to May 9, 1979, under former subpart 160.009 of part 160 of this chapter (see 46 CFR chapter I, revised as of October 1, 1979), which may be used as long as it is in good and serviceable condition.

(e) Each vessel not carrying passengers for hire may substitute an immersion suit for a life preserver, buoyant vest, or marine buoyant device required under paragraphs (b) or (c) of this section. Each immersion suit carried in accordance with this paragraph must be of a type approved under subpart 160.171 of this chapter.

(f) On each vessel, regardless of length and regardless of whether carrying passengers for hire, an approved commercial hybrid PFD may be substituted for a life preserver, buoyant vest, or marine buoyant device required under paragraphs (b) or (c) of this section if it is—

(1) Used in accordance with the conditions marked on the PFD and in the owner's manual;

(2) Labeled for use on commercial vessels; and

(3) In the case of a Type V commercial hybrid PFD, worn when the vessel is underway and the intended wearer is not within an enclosed space.

[CGD 72–172R, 38 FR 8117, Mar. 28, 1973, as amended by CGD 77–081, 47 FR 10558, Mar. 11, 1982; CGD 82–075a, 49 FR 4483, Feb. 7, 1984; CGD 78–174A, 51 FR 4350, Feb. 4, 1986; CGD 78–174, 60 FR 2485, Jan. 9, 1995; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51042, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-1999–5040, 67 FR 34775, May 15, 2002]

§ 25.25-7   Marking.
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The lifesaving equipment required by this subpart must be legibly marked as specified in subchapter Q of this chapter.

§ 25.25-9   Storage.
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(a) The lifesaving equipment designed to be worn required in §25.25–5 (b), (c) and (e) must be readily accessible.

(b) Lifesaving equipment designed to be thrown required in §25.25–5(d) must be immediately available.

[CGD 72–172R, 38 FR 8117, Mar. 28, 1973, as amended by CGD 82–075a, 49 FR 4483, Feb. 7, 1984]

§ 25.25-11   Condition.
top

The lifesaving equipment required by this subpart must be in serviceable condition.

§ 25.25-13   Personal flotation device lights.
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(a) This section applies to vessels described in §25.25–1 that engage in ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes voyages.

(b) Each immersion suit carried in accordance with §25.25–5(e), each life preserver, each marine buoyant device intended to be worn, and each buoyant vest must have a personal flotation device light that is approved under subpart 161.012 of this chapter.

(c) Each personal flotation device light required by this section must be securely attached to the front shoulder area of the immersion suit, life preserver, or other personal flotation device.

(d) If a personal flotation device light has a non-replaceable power source, the light must be replaced on or before the expiration date of the power source. If the light has a replaceable power source, the power source must be replaced on or before its expiration date and the light must be replaced when it is no longer serviceable.

[44 FR 38783, July 2, 1979, as amended by CGD 82–075a, 49 FR 4483, Feb. 7, 1984; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51042, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 25.25-15   Retroreflective material for personal flotation devices.
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(a) Each life preserver, each marine buoyant device intended to be worn, and each buoyant vest carried on a vessel must have Type I retroreflective material that is approved under subpart 164.018 of this chapter.

(b) Each item required to have retroreflective material must have at least 200 sq. cm (31 sq. in.) of material attached to its front side, at least 200 sq. cm of material on its back side, and, if the item is reversible, at least 200 sq. cm of material on each of its reversible sides. The material attached on each side of the item must be divided equally between the upper quadrants of the side, and the material in each quadrant must be attached as closely as possible to the shoulder area of the item.

[CGD 76–028, 44 FR 38783, July 2, 1979, as amended by CGD 82–075a, 49 FR 4483, Feb. 7, 1984]

§ 25.25-17   Survival craft requirements for uninspected passenger vessels of at least 100 gross tons.
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(a) Each uninspected passenger vessel of at least 100 gross tons must have adequate survival craft with enough capacity for all persons aboard and must meet one of the following requirements:

(1) An inflatable liferaft must be approved under 46 CFR part 160, subparts 160.051 or 160.151, and be equipped with an applicable equipment pack or be approved by another standard specified by the Commandant. Inflatable liferafts must be serviced at a servicing facility approved under 46 CFR part 160, subpart 160.151.

(2) An inflatable buoyant apparatus must be approved under 46 CFR part 160, subpart 160.010 or under another standard specified by the Commandant. An inflatable buoyant apparatus must be serviced at a servicing facility approved under 46 CFR part 160, subpart 160.151.

(b) If the vessel carries a small boat or boats, the capacity of the small boat or boat(s) may be counted toward the survival craft capacity required by this part. Such small boat or boat(s) must meet the requirements for safe loading and floatation in 33 CFR part 183.

[USCG-1999–5040, 67 FR 34776, May 15, 2002]

§ 25.25-19   Visual distress signals.
top

Each uninspected passenger vessel must meet the visual distress signal requirements of 33 CFR part 175 applicable to the vessel.

[USCG-1999–5040, 67 FR 34776, May 15, 2002]

Subpart 25.26—Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRB)
top

Source:   CGD 87–016a, 58 FR 13367, Mar. 10, 1993, unless otherwise noted.

§ 25.26-1   Definitions.
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As used in this subpart:

Berthing space means a space that is intended to be used for sleeping and is provided with installed bunks and mattresses.

EPIRB means an Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacon which is Type Accepted by the Federal Communications Commission under requirements in 47 CFR parts 2 and 80.

Galley means a space that provides for the preparation and extended storage of food. This does not include small alcohol or propane stoves with limited cooking capability, or ice chests or similar devices that are intended for keeping small quantities of food for short durations.

High seas means the waters beyond a line three nautical miles seaward of the Territorial Sea Baseline as defined in 33 CFR 2.20.

Length means the length listed on a vessel's Certificate of Documentation or Certificate of Number.

Uninspected passenger vessel means a vessel which, when used for commercial service, is used solely to carry passengers for hire or to provide non-emergency assistance to boaters (assistance towing), and which is not inspected by the Coast Guard under any other 46 CFR subchapter.

Note: As an example, a vessel on a voyage involving catching fish which are to be sold, is a commercial fishing industry vessel for the purposes of the EPIRB regulations in this section, even if there are passengers on board during the voyage.

[CGD 87–016a, 58 FR 13367, Mar. 10, 1993, as amended by USCG–2007–29018, 72 FR 53964, Sept. 21, 2007]

§ 25.26-5   Commercial fishing industry vessels.
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(a) The owner of a fishing vessel, a fish processing vessel, or a fish tender vessel, 11 meters (36 feet) or more in length, except for vessels described in paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, shall ensure that the vessel does not operate on the high seas or beyond three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes unless it has on board a float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB stowed in a manner so that it will float-free if the vessel sinks.

(b) The owner of a fishing vessel, fish processing vessel, or a fish tender vessel less than 11 meters (36 feet) in length, or 11 meters or more in length which has a builder's certification that the vessel is constructed with sufficient inherently buoyant material to keep the flooded vessel afloat, shall ensure that the vessel does not operate on the high seas or beyond three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes, unless it has installed in a readily accessible location at or near the principal steering station—

(1) A manually activated Category 2 406 MHz EPIRB; or

(2) A float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB.

(3) Until February 1, 1998, a 121.5/243.0 MHz EPIRB meeting §25.26–30.

(c) The owner of a fishing vessel, fish processing vessel or a fish tender vessel 11 meters (36 feet) or more in length that does not have installed galley or berthing facilities, shall ensure that the vessel does not operate on the high seas or beyond three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes unless it has on board a float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB stowed in a manner so that it will float free if the vessel sinks.

[CGD 87–016a, 58 FR 13367, Mar. 10, 1993; 58 FR 27658, May 11, 1993, as amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51196, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-1998–4442, 63 FR 52189, Sept. 30, 1998]

§ 25.26-10   EPIRB requirements for uninspected passenger vessels.
top

(a) Uninspected passenger vessels less than 100 gross tons are not required to carry an EPIRB.

(b) The owner, operator, or master of an uninspected passenger vessel of at least 100 gross tons must ensure that the vessel does not operate beyond three miles from shore as measured from the territorial sea baseline seaward or more than three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes, unless it has onboard a float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB stowed in a manner so that it will float free if the vessel sinks.

[USCG-1999–5040, 67 FR 34776, May 15, 2002]

§ 25.26-20   Other manned uninspected commercial vessels.
top

(a) The owner of a manned uninspected commercial vessel 11 meters (36 feet) or more in length, other than a vessel under §25.26–5 or §25.26–10 or under paragraph (b) of this section, shall ensure that the vessel does not operate on the high seas or beyond three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes, unless it has on board a float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB stowed in a manner so that it will float free if the vessel sinks.

(b) The owner of a manned uninspected commercial vessel less than 11 meters (36 feet) in length, or 11 meters or more in length which has a builder's certification that the vessel is constructed with sufficient inherently buoyant material to keep the flooded vessel afloat, shall ensure that the vessel does not operate on the high seas or beyond three miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes, unless it has installed in a readily accessible location at or near the principal steering station—

(1) A manually activated Category 2 406 MHz EPIRB; or

(2) A float-free, automatically activated Category 1 406 MHz EPIRB.

[CGD 87–016a, 58 FR 13367, Mar. 10, 1993; 58 FR 27658, May 11, 1993, as amended by CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51196, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-1998–4442, 63 FR 52189, Sept. 30, 1998]

§ 25.26-50   Servicing of EPIRBs.
top

(a) The master of each vessel required to have an EPIRB under this subpart shall ensure that each EPIRB on board is tested and serviced as required by this section.

(b) The EPIRB must be tested immediately after installation and at least once each month thereafter, unless it is an EPIRB installed in a Coast Guard approved inflatable liferaft that is tested annually during the servicing of the liferaft by an approved servicing facility. The test shall be conducted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, using the visual or audio indicator on the EPIRB. If the EPIRB is not operating, it must be repaired or replaced with an operating EPIRB.

(c) The battery of the EPIRB must be replaced—

(1) Immediately after the EPIRB is used for any purpose other than being tested; and

(2) Before the expiration date that is marked on the battery.

[CGD 87–016a, 58 FR 13367, Mar. 10, 1993; 58 FR 27658, May 11, 1993]

§ 25.26-60   Exemptions.
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(a) A skiff or work boat is not required to carry an EPIRB if—

(1) Its “mother ship” is required to carry an EPIRB under this subpart; and

(2) When not in use, the skiff or work boat is carried on board the mother ship.

(b) Each Coast Guard District Commander may, on a case-by-case basis, grant exemptions from the carriage requirements of EPIRBs in this subpart for certain geographic areas within the boundaries of his or her own district if the District Commander determines that an EPIRB will not significantly enhance the overall safety of the vessel and crew. Exemptions may be limited to specific time periods. Exemptions granted under this paragraph must be:

(1) Issued in writing by the cognizant Coast Guard District Commander for each individual application; and

(2) For geographic locations and may be limited to specific time periods.

Subpart 25.30—Fire Extinguishing Equipment
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§ 25.30-1   Application.
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(a) The provisions of this subpart, with the exception of §25.30–90, shall apply to all vessels contracted for on or after November 19, 1952. Vessels contracted for prior to that date shall meet the requirements of §25.30–90.

§ 25.30-5   General provisions.
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(a) Where equipment in this subpart is required to be of an approved type, such equipment requires the specific approval of the Commandant. Such approvals are published in theFederal Register,and in addition, are contained in Coast Guard publication COMDTINST M16714.3 (Series), Equipment Lists.

(b) All hand portable fire extinguishers, semiportable fire extinguishing systems, and fixed fire extinguishing systems shall be of an approved type.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50726, Sept. 27, 1996]

§ 25.30-10   Hand-portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire-extinguishing systems.
top

(a) Hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems are classified by a combination letter and number symbol. The letter indicating the type of fire which the unit could be expected to extinguish, and the number indicating the relative size of the unit.

(b) For the purpose of this subchapter, all required hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems are of the “B” type; i.e., suitable for extinguishing fires involving flammable liquids, greases, etc.

(c) The number designations for size run from “I” for the smallest to “V” for the largest. Sizes I and II are hand-portable fire extinguishers; sizes III, IV, and V are semi-portable fire-extinguishing systems, which must be fitted with hose and nozzle or other practical means to cover all portions of the space involved. Examples of the sizes for some of the typical hand-portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire-extinguishing systems appear in Table 25.30–10(C):

Table 25.30–10(C)

ClassificationFoam,
liters
(gallons)
Carbon dioxide, kilograms (pounds)Dry chemical, kilograms (pounds)
B-I6.5 (1 3/4)2 (4)1 (2)
B-II9.5 (2 1/2)7 (15)4.5 (10)
B-III45 (12)16 (35)9 (20)
B-IV75 (20)23 (50)13.5 (30)
B-V150 (40)45 (100)23 (50)

(d) All hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems shall have permanently attached thereto a metallic name plate giving the name of the item, the rated capacity in gallons, quarts, or pounds, the name and address of the person or firm for whom approved, and the identifying mark of the actual manufacturer.

(e) Vaporizing-liquid type fire extinguishers containing carbon tetrachloride or chlorobromomethane or other toxic vaporizing liquids are not acceptable as equipment required by this subchapter.

(f) Hand portable or semiportable extinguishers which are required on their name plates to be protected from freezing shall not be located where freezing temperatures may be expected.

(g) The use of dry chemical, stored pressure, fire extinguishers not fitted with pressure gauges or indicating devices, manufactured prior to January 1, 1965, may be permitted on motorboats and other vessels so long as such extinguishers are maintained in good and serviceable condition. The following maintenance and inspections are required for such extinguishers:

(1) When the date on the inspection record tag on the extinguishers shows that 6 months have elapsed since last weight check ashore, then such extinguisher is no longer accepted as meeting required maintenance conditions until reweighed ashore and found to be in a serviceable condition and within required weight conditions.

(2) If the weight of the container is1/4ounce less than that stamped on container, it shall be serviced.

(3) If the outer seal or seals (which indicate tampering or use when broken) are not intact, the boarding officer or marine inspector will inspect such extinguisher to see that the frangible disc in neck of the container is intact; and if such disc is not intact, the container shall be serviced.

(4) If there is evidence of damage, use, or leakage, such as dry chemical powder observed in the nozzle or elsewhere on the extinguisher, the container shall be replaced with a new one and the extinguisher properly serviced or the extinguisher replaced with another approved extinguisher.

(h) The dry chemical, stored pressure, fire extinguishers without pressure gauges or indicating devices manufactured after January 1, 1965, shall not be labeled with the marine type label bed in §162.028–4 of this title nor shall such extinguishers manufactured after January 1, 1965, be carried on board motorboats or other vessels as required equipment.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGFR 68–32, 33 FR 5711, Apr. 12, 1968; CGFR 69–18, 34 FR 5723, Mar. 27, 1969; USCG-2000–6931, 68 FR 22611, Apr. 29, 2003; 69 FR 34068, June 18, 2004]

§ 25.30-15   Fixed fire-extinguishing systems.
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(a) When a fixed fire-extinguishing system is installed, it must be a type approved or accepted by the Commandant (G-MSE) or the Commanding Officer, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Center.

(b) If the system is a carbon-dioxide type, then it must be designed and installed in accordance with subpart 76.15 of part 76 of subchapter H (Passenger Vessels) of this chapter.

[USCG-2000–6931, 69 FR 34069, June 18, 2004]

§ 25.30-20   Fire extinguishing equipment required.
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(a) Motorboats. (1) All motorboats shall carry at least the minimum number of hand portable fire extinguishers set forth in Table 25.30–20(a)(1), except that motorboats less than 26 feet in length, propelled by outboard motors and not carrying passengers for hire, need not carry such portable fire extinguishers if the construction of such motorboats will not permit the entrapment of explosive or flammable gases or vapors.

Table 25.30–20(a)(1)

Length, feetMinimum number of B-1 hand portable fire extinguishers
required1
No fixed fire extinguishing system in machinery spaceFixed fire
extinguishing system in machinery space
Under 1610
16 and over, but under 2610
26 and over, but under 4021
40 and over, but not over 6532

1One B-11 hand portable fire extinguisher may be substituted for two B-I hand portable fire extinguishers.

(2) The intent of this regulation is illustrated in Figure 25.30–20(a1) where fire extinguishers are required if any one or more of the specified conditions exist, and in Figure 25.30–20(a2) where specified conditions do not, in themselves, require that fire extinguishers be carried.

Figure 25.30–20(a1)

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Fire extinguishers are required if any one or more of the following conditions exist (numbers identifying conditions are the same as those placed in Figure 25.30–20 (a1)):

1. Closed compartment under thwarts and seats wherein portable fuel tanks may be stored.

2. Double bottoms not sealed to the hull or which are not completely filled with flotation material.

3. Close living spaces.

4. Closed stowage compartments in which combustible or flammable materials are stowed.

5. Permanently installed fuel tanks.

Figure 25.30–20(a2)

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The following conditions do not, in themselves, require that fire extinguishers be carried (numbers identifying conditions are the same as those placed in Figure 25.30–20(a2)):

1. Bait wells.

2. Glove compartments.

3. Buoyant flotation material.

4. Open slatted flooring.

5. Ice chests.

(b) Uninspected passenger vessels of at least 100 gross tons. All uninspected passenger vessels of at least 100 gross tons must carry onboard hand-portable and semi-portable fire extinguishers per Table 76.50–10(a) in §76.50–10 of this chapter.

(c) Motor vessels. (1) All motor vessels shall carry at least the minimum number of hand portable fire extinguishers set forth in Table 25.30–20(b) (1).

Table 25.30–20(b)(1)

Gross tonnage—Minimum number of B-II hand portable fire extinguishers
OverNotover
501
501002
1005003
5001,0006
1,0008

(2) In addition to the hand portable fire extinguishers required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the following fire-extinguishing equipment shall be fitted in the machinery space:

(i) One Type B-II hand portable fire extinguisher shall be carried for each 1,000 B. H. P. of the main engines or fraction thereof. However, not more than 6 such extinguishers need be carried.

(ii) On motor vessels of over 300 gross tons, either one Type B-III semiportable fire-extinguishing system shall be fitted, or alternatively, a fixed fire-extinguishing system shall be fitted in the machinery space.

(3) The frame or support of each Type B-III fire extinguisher required by paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this section must be welded or otherwise permanently attached to a bulkhead or deck.

(4) If an approved semiportable fire extinguisher has wheels and is not required by this section, it must be securely stowed when not in use to prevent it from rolling out of control under heavy sea conditions.

(d) Barges carrying passengers. (1) Every barge of 65 feet in length or less while carrying passengers when towed or pushed by a motorboat, motor vessel, or steam vessel shall be fitted with hand portable fire extinguishers as required by Table 25.30–20(a)(1), depending upon the length of the barge.

(2) Every barge of over 65 feet in length while carrying passengers when towed or pushed by a motorboat, motor vessel, or steam vessel shall be fitted with hand portable fire extinguishers as required by Table 25.30–20(b)(1), depending upon the gross tonnage of the barge.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 77–039, 44 FR 34132, June 14, 1979; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51042, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-1999–5040, 67 FR 34776, May 15, 2002]

§ 25.30-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.
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(a) Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952, shall meet the applicable provisions of §§25.30–5 through 25.30–20 insofar as the number and general type of equipment is concerned. Existing items of equipment and installations previously approved but not meeting the applicable requirements for type approval may be continued in service so long as they are in good condition. All new installations and replacements shall meet the requirements of §§25.30–5 through 25.30–20.

(b) [Reserved]

Subpart 25.35—Backfire Flame Control
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§ 25.35-1   Requirements.
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(a) Every gasoline engine installed in a motorboat or motor vessel after April 25, 1940, except outboard motors, shall be equipped with an acceptable means of backfire flame control.

(b) Installations made before November 19, 1952, need not meet the detailed requirements of this subpart and may be continued in use as long as they are serviceable and in good condition. Replacements shall meet the applicable conditions in this section.

(c) Installations consisting of backfire flame arresters bearing basic Approval Nos. 162.015 or 162.041 or engine air and fuel induction systems bearing basic Approval Nos. 162.015 or 162.042 may be continued in use as long as they are serviceable and in good condition. New installations or replacements must meet applicable requirements of subpart 58.10 of this chapter.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 88–032, 56 FR 35820, July 29, 1991]

Subpart 25.40—Ventilation
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§ 25.40-1   Tanks and engine spaces.
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(a) All motorboats or motor vessels, except open boats and as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section, the construction or decking over of which is commenced after April 25, 1940, and which use fuel having a flashpoint of 110° F., or less, shall have at least two ventilator ducts, fitted with cowls or their equivalent, for the efficient removal of explosive or flammable gases from the bilges of every engine and fuel tank compartment. There shall be at least one exhaust duct installed so as to extend from the open atmosphere to the lower portion of the bilge and at least one intake duct installed so as to extend to a point at least midway to the bilge or at least below the level of the carburetor air intake. The cowls shall be located and trimmed for maximum effectiveness and in such a manner so as to prevent displaced fumes from being recirculated.

(b) As used in this section, the term open boats means those motorboats or motor vessels with all engine and fuel tank compartments, and other spaces to which explosive or flammable gases and vapors from these compartments may flow, open to the atmosphere and so arranged as to prevent the entrapment of such gases and vapors within the vessel.

(c) Boats built after July 31, 1980, which are manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use; which are leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's noncommercial use; which are engaged in the carriage of six or fewer passengers; or which are in compliance with the requirements of 33 CFR part 183 are exempted from these requirements.

(d) Boats built after July 31, 1978, which are manufactured or used primarily for noncommercial use; which are rented, leased, or chartered to another for the latter's noncommercial use; or which engage in conveying six or fewer passengers are exempted from the requirements of paragraph (a) for fuel tank compartments that:

(1) Contain a permanently installed fuel tank if each electrical component is ignition protected in accordance with 33 CFR 183.410(a); and

(2) Contain fuel tanks that vent to the outside of the boat.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16653, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 76–082A, 44 FR 73047, Dec. 17, 1979; CGD 76–082A, 45 FR 7551, Feb. 4, 1980; CGD 95–012, 60 FR 48048, Sept. 18, 1995; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51196, Sept. 30, 1997]

Subpart 25.45—Cooking, Heating, and Lighting Systems
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§ 25.45-1   Heating and lighting systems on vessels carrying passengers for hire.
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(a) No fuel may be used in any heating or lighting system on any vessel carrying passengers for hire without the approval of Commandant (G-MSE), except—

(1) Alcohol, solid,

(2) Alcohol, liquid, combustible,

(3) Fuel oil, No. 1, No. 2, or No. 3,

(4) Kerosene,

(5) Wood or,

(6) Coal.

(b) Heating and lighting systems using alcohol must meet the following requirements:

(1) Containers of solidified alcohol must be properly secured to a fixed base.

(2) Fluid alcohol burners, where wet priming is used, must have—

(i) A catch pan of not less than3/4” depth secured inside the frame of the stove; or

(ii) The metal protection under the stove flanged up at least3/4” to form a pan.

(c) Heating and lighting systems using kerosene or fuel oil must meet the following requirements:

(1) Where wet priming is used, each system must have—

(i) A catch pan of not less than3/4” depth secured inside the frame of the stove; or

(ii) The metal protection under the stove flanged up at least3/4” to form a pan.

(2) Fuel tanks must be—

(i) Separated from the stove that they serve;

(ii) Mounted in a location open to the atmosphere or mounted inside a compartment that is vented to the atmosphere; and

(iii) Fitted with an outside fill and vent.

(d) Heating systems using wood or coal installed after August 9, 1989, shall be installed in accordance with the guidelines in chapter 6 of NFPA 302.

[CGD 83–013, 54 FR 6402, Feb. 10, 1989 and CGD 83–013, 55 FR 3959, Feb. 6, 1990; CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50461, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50726, Sept. 27, 1996]

§ 25.45-2   Cooking systems on vessels carrying passengers for hire.
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(a) No fuel may be used in any cooking system on any vessel carrying passengers for hire without the approval of Commandant (G-MSE) except those listed in §25.45–1, subject to the requirements stated therein, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or compressed natural gas (CNG).

(b) Cooking systems using LPG or CNG must meet the following requirements:

(1) The design, installation, and testing of each LPG system must meet ABYC A-1–78 or chapter 6 of NFPA 302.

(2) The design, installation, and testing of each CNG system must meet ABYC A-22–78 or chapter 6 of NFPA 302.

(3) Cooking systems using chapter 6 of NFPA 302 as the standard must meet the following additional requirements:

(i) The storage or use of CNG containers within the accommodation area, machinery spaces, bilges, or other enclosed spaces is prohibited.

(ii) LPG or CNG must be odorized in accordance with ABYC A-1.5.d or A-22.5.b, respectively.

(iii) The marking and mounting of LPG cylinders must be in accordance with ABYC A-1.6.b.

(iv) LPG cylinders must be of the vapor withdrawal type as specified in ABYC A-1.5.b.

(4) Continuous pilot lights or automatic glow plugs are prohibited for an LPG or CNG installation using ABYC A-1 or A-22 as the standard.

(5) CNG installations using ABYC A-22 as the standard must meet the following additional requirements:

(i) The stowage or use of CNG containers within the accommodation area, machinery spaces, bilges, or other enclosed spaces is prohibited.

(ii) The CNG cylinders, regulating equipment, and safety equipment must meet the installation, stowage, and testing requirements specified in paragraph 6–5.12 of NFPA 302.

(iii) The use of stowage of stoves with attached CNG cylinders is prohibited as specified in paragraph 6–5.1 of NFPA 302.

(6) If the fuel supply line of an LPG or CNG system enters an enclosed space on the vessel, a remote shut-off valve must be installed that can be operated from a position adjacent to the appliance. The valve must be located between the fuel tank and the point where the fuel supply line enters the enclosed portion of the vessel. A power operated valve installed to meet this requirement must be of a type that will fail closed.

(7) The following variances from ABYC A-1.11.b(1) are allowed for CNG:

(i) The storage locker or housing access opening need not be in the top.

(ii) The locker or housing need not be above the waterline.

(8) The following variances from NFPA 302 are allowed:

(i) The storage locker or housing for CNG tank installations need not be above the waterline as required by paragraph 6–5.12.1.1(a).

(ii) Ignition protection need not be provided as required by paragraph 6–5.4.

Note to §25.45–2: The ABYC and NFPA standards referenced in this section require the posting of placards containing safety precautions for gas cooking systems.

[CGD 83–013, 54 FR 6402, Feb. 10, 1989, as amended by CGD 83–013, 55 FR 3960, Feb. 6, 1990; CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50461, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50726, Sept. 27, 1996; USCG-2000–7790, 65 FR 58458, Sept. 29, 2000]

Subpart 25.50—Garbage Retention
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§ 25.50-1   Criteria.
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Each uninspected vessel must meet the garbage discharge, waste management plan, and placard requirements of 33 CFR part 151 applicable to the vessel.

Note: 33 CFR 151.67 prohibits the discharge of plastic or garbage mixed with plastic into the sea or the navigable waters of the United States. “Plastic” and “garbage” are defined in 33 CFR 151.05.

[CGD 88–002A, 56 FR 8880, Mar. 1, 1991]

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