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e-CFR Data is current as of November 24, 2008


Title 46: Shipping

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PART 77—VESSEL CONTROL AND MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT

Section Contents

Subpart 77.01—Application

§ 77.01-1   General.
§ 77.01-3   Incorporation by reference.

Subpart 77.03—Marine Engineering Systems

§ 77.03-1   Installation and details.

Subpart 77.05—Electrical Engineering and Interior Communication Systems

§ 77.05-1   Installation and details.

Subpart 77.06—Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements

§ 77.06-1   Installation.

Subpart 77.07—Anchors, Chains, and Hawsers

§ 77.07-1   Application.
§ 77.07-5   Ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes service.
§ 77.07-10   Lakes, bays, and sounds, or river service.
§ 77.07-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.

Subpart 77.09—Radar

§ 77.09-1   When required.

Subpart 77.11—Magnetic Compass and Gyrocompass

§ 77.11-1   When required.

Subpart 77.27—Sounding Equipment

§ 77.27-1   When required.

Subpart 77.30—Emergency Equipment

§ 77.30-1   Application.
§ 77.30-5   General.
§ 77.30-10   Stowage.
§ 77.30-15   Spare charges.
§ 77.30-90   Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.

Subpart 77.35—Fireman's Outfit

§ 77.35-1   Application.
§ 77.35-5   General.
§ 77.35-10   Fireman's outfit.
§ 77.35-15   Stowage.
§ 77.35-20   Spare charges.
§ 77.35-90   Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.

Subpart 77.40—Pilot Boarding Equipment

§ 77.40-1   Pilot boarding equipment.


Authority:   46 U.S.C. 3306; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

Source:   CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart 77.01—Application
top
§ 77.01-1   General.
top

(a) The provisions of this part shall apply to all vessels except as specifically noted.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.01-3   Incorporation by reference.
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(a) Certain materials are incorporated by reference into this part with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than the one listed in paragraph (b) of this section, notice of the change must be published in theFederal Registerand the material made available to the public. All approved material is on file at the Office of the Federal Register, Washington, DC 20408, and at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (G-MSE), 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593–0001, and is available from the address indicated in paragraph (b).

(b) The material approved for incorporation by reference in this part, and the sections affected is:

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428–2959.

ASTM F 1014–92, Standard Specification for Flashlights on Vessels—77.35–5

[CGD 82–042, 53 FR 17704, May 18, 1988, as amended by CGD 95–072, 60 FR 50463, Sept. 29, 1995; CGD 96–041, 61 FR 50729, Sept. 27, 1996; CGD 97–057, 62 FR 51045, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG–1999–5151, 64 FR 67181, Dec. 1, 1999]

Subpart 77.03—Marine Engineering Systems
top
§ 77.03-1   Installation and details.
top

(a) The installation of all systems of a marine engineering nature, together with the details of design, construction, and installation, shall be in accordance with the requirements of subchapter F (Marine Engineering) of this chapter. Systems of this type include the following:

Steering systems.

Power for going astern.

Bilge and ballast systems.

Tank vent and sounding systems.

Overboard discharges and shell connections.

Pipe and pressure systems.

(b) [Reserved]

Subpart 77.05—Electrical Engineering and Interior Communication Systems
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§ 77.05-1   Installation and details.
top

(a) The installation of all systems of an electrical engineering or interior communications nature, together with the details of design, construction, and installation, shall be in accordance with the requirements of subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter. Systems of this type include the following:

Ship's service generating systems.

Ship's service power distribution systems.

Ship's lighting systems.

Electric propulsion and propulsion control systems.

Emergency lighting and power systems.

Electric lifeboat winch systems.

Electric steering gear and steering control systems.

Fire detecting and alarm systems

Sound powered telephone and voice tube systems.

Engine order telegraph systems.

Rudder angle indicator systems.

Refrigerated spaces alarm systems.

Navigation lights systems.

Daylight signaling lights.

Miscellaneous machinery alarms and controls.

General alarm systems.

(b) Electrical equipment installed in spaces “specially suitable for vehicles” shall be in accordance with subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGFR 66–33, 31 FR 15283, Dec. 6, 1966; CGFR 68–32, 33 FR 5716, Apr. 12, 1968; CGD 74–125A, 47 FR 15231, Apr. 8, 1982]

Subpart 77.06—Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements
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§ 77.06-1   Installation.
top

The installation of all lifesaving appliances and arrangements must be in accordance with the requirements of subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.

[CGD 84–069, 61 FR 25288, May 20, 1996]

Subpart 77.07—Anchors, Chains, and Hawsers
top
§ 77.07-1   Application.
top

(a) The provisions of this subpart, with the exception of §77.07–90, shall apply to all vessels contracted for on or after November 19, 1952. Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952, shall meet the requirements of §77.07–90.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.07-5   Ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes service.
top

(a) Vessels in ocean, coastwise, or Great Lakes service shall be fitted with anchors, chains, and hawsers in general agreement with the standards established by the American Bureau of Shipping, see subpart 70.35 of this subchapter.

(b) In addition to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, the following requirements and alternatives also apply:

(1) The American Bureau of Shipping rules relating to anchor equipment are mandatory, not a guide.

(2) Vessels under 200 feet (61 meters) in length and with an American Bureau of Shipping equipment number of less than 150 may be equipped with either—

(i) One anchor of the tabular weight and one-half the tabulated length of anchor chain listed in the applicable standard, or

(ii) Two anchors of one-half the tabular weight with the total length of anchor chain listed in the applicable standard provided both anchors are in a position that allows for ready use at all times and the windlass is capable of heaving in either anchor.

(c) Standards of other recognized classification societies may be used, in lieu of those established by the American Bureau of Shipping, upon approval by the Commandant.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 87–013, 53 FR 20624, June 6, 1988]

§ 77.07-10   Lakes, bays, and sounds, or river service.
top

(a) Vessels in lakes, bays, and sounds, or river service shall be fitted with such ground tackle and hawsers as deemed necessary by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, depending upon the size of the vessel and the waters on which it operates.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.07-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.
top

(a) Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952, shall meet the following requirements:

(1) Installations previously accepted or approved shall be considered satisfactory for the same service so long as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection. If the service of the vessel is changed, the suitability of the equipment will be established by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

(2) [Reserved]

(b) [Reserved]

Subpart 77.09—Radar
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§ 77.09-1   When required.
top

All mechanically propelled vessels of 1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or coastwise service must be fitted with a marine radar system for surface navigation. Facilities for plotting radar readings must be provided on the bridge.

[CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5963, Jan. 31, 1977]

Subpart 77.11—Magnetic Compass and Gyrocompass
top
§ 77.11-1   When required.
top

(a) All mechanically propelled vessels in ocean, coastwise or Great Lakes service must be fitted with a magnetic compass.

(b) All mechanically propelled vessels 1,600 gross tons and over in ocean or coastwise service must be fitted with a gyrocompass in addition to the magnetic compass.

(c) Each vessel must have an illuminated repeater for the gyrocompass required under paragraph (b) of this section, that is at the main steering stand unless the gyrocompass is illuminated and is at the main steering stand.

[CGD 75–074, 42 FR 5963, Jan. 31 1977]

Subpart 77.27—Sounding Equipment
top
§ 77.27-1   When required.
top

All mechanically propelled vessels of 500 gross tons and over to ocean or coastwise service, and all mechanically propelled vessels of 500 gross tons and over in Great Lakes service and certificated for service on the River St. Lawrence eastward of the lower exit of the St. Lambert Lock at Montreal, Canada, must be fitted with an efficient electronic deep-sea sounding apparatus.

[CGD 95–027, 61 FR 26004, May 23, 1996]

Subpart 77.30—Emergency Equipment
top
§ 77.30-1   Application.
top

This subpart, except §77.30–90, applies to each vessel that is not on an international voyage and is contracted for on or after November 23, 1992. Each vessel that is not on an international voyage and is contracted for before November 23, 1992, must satisfy §77.30–90.

[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48324, Oct. 23, 1992]

§ 77.30-5   General.
top

(a) Each self-contained breathing apparatus must be of the pressure-demand, open-circuit type, approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and have at a minimum a 30-minute air supply and a full facepiece.

(b) The self-contained breathing apparatus required as part of the emergency outfit may be used as protection against gas leaking from a refrigeration unit.

(c) All flame safety lamps shall be of an approved type, constructed in accordance with subpart 160.016 of subchapter Q (Specifications) of this chapter.

(d) All emergency equipment shall be maintained in an operative condition, and it shall be the responsibility of the master and chief engineer to ascertain that a sufficient number of the crew are familiar with the operation of the equipment.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48324, Oct. 23, 1992]

§ 77.30-10   Stowage.
top

(a) The equipment set forth in table 77.30–10(a), together with such other items as the master may deem necessary, shall be stowed in convenient, accessible locations for use in case of emergency.

Table 77.30–10(a)

ServiceNumber of passenger stateroomsSelf-contained breathing apparatusSelf-contained breathing apparatus for refrigeration1Flame safety lamps
Ocean and coastwise, not on an international voyage0 to 491
  50 to 10041
  Over 100611
Great Lakes, and lakes, bays, and sounds0 to 491
  50 to 10021
  Over 100411
Rivers0 to 491
  50 to 10011
  Over 100211

1Required only on vessels equipped with any refrigeration unit using ammonia to refrigerate any space with a volume of more than 20 cubic feet or with any refrigeration unit using fluorocarbons to refrigerate any space with a volume of more than 1000 cubic feet.

(b) If a separate self-contained breathing apparatus is maintained for protection against gas leaking from a refrigeration unit, it must be stowed convenient to, but outside of, the spaces containing the refrigeration equipment.

(c) Half of the remaining equipment set forth in table 77.30–10(a) shall be stowed in or near the pilothouse together with a fire axe and the hand portable fire extinguishers required by table 76.50–10(a) for that location. The other half of the equipment shall be stowed in a convenient accessible location, remote from the pilothouse, and preferably adjacent to the main entrance to the machinery space. Where only one of an item is required, it shall be stowed in the pilothouse.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48324, Oct. 23, 1992]

§ 77.30-15   Spare charges.
top

(a) A complete recharge shall be carried for each gas mask and self-contained breathing apparatus. The spare charge shall be stowed in the same location as the equipment it is to reactivate.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.30-90   Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.
top

Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992, must meet the following requirements:

(a) Each vessel must satisfy §§77.30–5 through 77.30–15 concerning the number of items and the method of stowage of equipment.

(b) Items of equipment previously approved, but not meeting the applicable specifications set forth in §77.30–5, may continue in service as long as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection; but each item in an installation or a replacement must meet all applicable specifications.

(c) After November 23, 1994, each respirator must either satisfy §77.30–5(a) or be a self-contained compressed-air breathing apparatus previously approved by MSHA and NIOSH under part 160, subpart 160.011, of this chapter.

[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48324, Oct. 23, 1992]

Subpart 77.35—Fireman's Outfit
top
§ 77.35-1   Application.
top

This subpart, except §77.35–90, applies to each vessel that is on an international voyage and is contracted for on or after November 23, 1992. Each vessel that is on an international voyage and is contracted for before November 23, 1992, must satisfy §77.35–90.

[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48325, Oct. 23, 1992]

§ 77.35-5   General.
top

(a) All flame safety lamps shall be of an approved type, constructed in accordance with subpart 160.016 of subchapter Q (Specifications) of this chapter.

(b) Each self-contained breathing apparatus must be of the pressure-demand, open-circuit type, approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and have at a minimum a 30-minute air supply and a full facepiece.

(c) Flashlights shall be Type II or Type III, constructed and marked in accordance with ASTM F 1014 (incorporated by reference, see §77.01–3).

(d) All lifelines shall be of steel or bronze wire rope. Steel wire ropes shall be either inherently corrosion resistent, or made so by galvanizing or tinning. Each end shall be fitted with a hook with keeper having throat opening which can be readily slipped over a5/8-inch bolt. The total length of the lifeline shall be dependent upon the size and arrangement of the vessel, and more than one line may be hooked together to achieve the necessary length. No individual length of lifeline may be less than 50 feet in length. The assembled lifeline shall have a minimum breaking strength of 1,500 pounds.

(e) All equipment shall be maintained in an operative condition, and it shall be the responsibility of the master and chief engineer to ascertain that a sufficient number of the crew are familiar with the operation of the equipment.

(f) Boots and gloves shall be of rubber or other electrically nonconducting material.

(g) The helmet shall provided effective protection against impact.

(h) Protective clothing shall be of material that will protect the skin from the heat of fire and burns from scalding steam. The outer surface shall be water resistant.

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGFR 67–87, 32 FR 19181, Dec. 20, 1967; CGD 82–042, 53 FR 17704, May 18, 1988; CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48325, Oct. 23, 1992; USCG–1999–5151, 64 FR 67181, Dec. 1, 1999]

§ 77.35-10   Fireman's outfit.
top

(a) Each fireman's outfit must consist of one self-contained breathing apparatus, one lifeline with a belt or a suitable harness, one flashlight, one flame safety lamp, one rigid helmet, boots and gloves, protective clothing, and one fire ax. In lieu of the flame safety lamp, vessels may carry an oxygen depletion meter which is listed by a Coast Guard recognized independent laboratory as intrinsically safe.

(b) The number of fireman's outfits required are as set forth in table 77.35–10(b).

Table 77.35–10(b)

Gross tonnageMinimum number of fireman's outfits
Over—Not over—
10,0002
10,00020,0003
20,0004

[CGFR 65–50, 30 FR 16953, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGFR 67–87, 32 FR 19181, Dec. 20, 1967; CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48325, Oct. 23, 1992; CGD 95–028, 62 FR 51204, Sept. 30, 1997]

§ 77.35-15   Stowage.
top

(a) The fireman's outfit, together with such other items of equipment as the master may deem necessary, shall be stowed in convenient, accessible locations for use in case of emergency. One outfit shall be stowed in or near the pilothouse. Where additional outfits are required by table 77.35–10(b), one of the additional outfits shall be stowed preferably adjacent to the main entrance to the machinery space. Other additional outfits shall be stowed in convenient accessible locations remote from the pilothouse.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.35-20   Spare charges.
top

(a) A complete recharge shall be carried for each self-contained breathing apparatus, and a complete set of spare batteries shall be carried for each flashlight. The spares shall be stowed in the same location as the equipment it is to reactivate.

(b) [Reserved]

§ 77.35-90   Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992.
top

Vessels contracted for before November 23, 1992, must meet the following requirements:

(a) Each vessel must satisfy §§77.35–5 through 77.35–20 concerning the number of items and the method of stowage of equipment.

(b) Items of equipment previously approved, but not meeting the applicable specifications set forth in §77.35–5, may continue in service as long as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection; but each item in an installation or a replacement must meet all applicable specifications.

(c) After November 23, 1994, each respirator must either satisfy §77.35–5(b) or be a self-contained compressed-air breathing apparatus previously approved by MSHA and NIOSH under part 160, subpart 160.011, of this chapter.

[CGD 86–036, 57 FR 48325, Oct. 23, 1992]

Subpart 77.40—Pilot Boarding Equipment
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§ 77.40-1   Pilot boarding equipment.
top

(a) This section applies to each vessel that normally embarks or disembarks a pilot from a pilot boat or other vessel.

(b) Each vessel must have suitable pilot boarding equipment available for use on each side of the vessel. If a vessel has only one set of equipment, the equipment must be capable of being easily transferred to and rigged for use on either side of the vessel.

(c) Pilot boarding equipment must be capable of resting firmly against the vessel's side and be secured so that it is clear from overboard discharges.

(d) Each vessel must have lighting positioned to provide adequate illumination for the pilot boarding equipment and each point of access.

(e) Each vessel must have a point of access that has—

(1) A gateway in the rails or bulwark with adequate handholds; or

(2) Two handhold stanchions and a bulwark ladder that is securely attached to the bulwark rail and deck.

(f) The pilot boarding equipment required by paragraph (b) of this section must include at least one pilot ladder approved under subpart 163.003 of this chapter. Each pilot ladder must be of a single length and capable of extending from the point of access to the water's edge during each condition of loading and trim, with an adverse list of 15°.

(g) Whenever the distance from the water's edge to the point of access is more than 30 feet, access from a pilot ladder to the vessel must be by way of an accommodation ladder or equally safe and convenient means.

(h) Pilot hoists, if used, must be approved under subpart 163.002 of this chapter.

[CGD 79–032, 49 FR 25455, June 21, 1984]

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